F Countries – Recipes

French Polynesia
(recipes borrowed from the cooks at: www.food.com and www.healthy-life.narod.ru

Polynesian Pork Ribs

  • 2 lbs boneless country-style ribs
  • 1 garlic clove, minced
  • 1 small onion, sliced
  • 8 ounces crushed pineapple, undrained

Sauce:

  • 3/4 cup ketchup
  • 3 tablespoons brown sugar
  • 3 tablespoons hoisin sauce
  • 1 teaspoon ginger root, grated

Cooking Instructions:  Spray slow cooker with nonstick cooking spray. Place pork ribs, garlic and onion in slow cooker. Spoon about half of the pineapple with some of the juice over ribs. Reserve remaining pineapple and juice. Cover; cook on low setting for 8 to 10 hours. About 35 minutes before serving, drain and discard cooking juices from slow cooker; wipe edge of cooker clean. In small bowl, combine ketchup, brown sugar, hoisin sauce, ginger root and remaining pineapple with juice; mix well. Spoon or pour evenly over ribs. Increase heat setting to high; cover and cook an additional 25 to 30 minutes or until ribs are glazed. Servings: 6

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French Guiana
(recipe borrowed from the cooks at: www.easy-french-food.com/french-guiana-recipes.html)

Poulet Colombo

  • 1 chicken cut up, or 8 pieces of chicken
  • 1 shallot, peeled and chopped finely
  • 6 cloves garlic, peeled and crushed – divided
  • 1 teaspoon ground coriander
  • 1 tablespoon white wine vinegar
  • 1 cup water
  • 3 tablespoons colombo spices – divided (colombo contains coriander, turmeric, cumin, mustard, fenugreek, pepper, cloves, and rice)
  • 3 tablespoons oil
  • 2 onions, peeled and chopped
  • 1 hot pepper, minced finely (more or less to your taste)
  • 1 medium eggplant, cut in 1/2 inch cubes
  • 1 medium zucchini, cut in 1/2 inch cubes
  • 3 potatoes, cut in 1/2 inch cubes
  • juice of 1 lemon
  • 1 tablespoon herbes de Provence (or 1 teaspoon each dried thyme, rosemary, and basil)
  • 1 cup coconut milk
  • salt and pepper
  • rice to serve
  • (mango sorbet for dessert)

Make a marinade by mixing the chopped shallot, 4 cloves of crushed garlic, ground coriander, vinegar, water, and 1 tablespoon of the colombo spices in a shallow dish. Salt and pepper the chicken pieces and place in marinade, turning to coat thoroughly. Place in the refrigerator for several hours or overnight.
After the chicken has marinated (save the marinade), heat the oil in a large and sturdy pot on medium heat. Add the chopped onions, minced hot pepper, and 2 more cloves of crushed garlic. Cook until the onion starts to soften – about 5 minutes.

Add the chicken and cook, turning occasionally, until the chicken is browned a bit on all sides – about 10 minutes. Add the cubed eggplant, zucchini, and potatoes, the lemon juice, the herbes de Provence (or substitute herbs), and the leftover marinade. Stir to combine well, cover and cook on low medium heat for 15 minutes.

After 15 minutes stir in the remaining 2 tablespoons of colombo and stir to combine well. Cover and cook another 15 to 25 minutes, or until the chicken is done as you like.

Stir in the coconut milk and season to taste with salt and pepper. Serve hot with rice.

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France
(recipes borrowed from the cooks at: www.allrecipes.com)

Saffron Mussel Bisque

  • 2 pounds mussels, cleaned and debearded
  • 1 1/4 cups white wine
  • 1 1/2 cups water
  • 3 tablespoons margarine
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 1 clove garlic, crushed
  • 1 leek, bulb only, chopped
  • 1/2 teaspoon fenugreek seeds, finely crushed
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • 6 saffron threads
  • 1 1/4 cups chicken broth
  • 1 tablespoon chopped fresh parsley
  • salt and pepper to taste
  • 2 tablespoons whipping cream

Directions:  Place saffron threads in a small bowl, and cover with 1 tablespoon boiling water. Set aside.

Scrub mussels clean in several changes of fresh water and pull off beards. Discard any mussels that are cracked or do not close tightly when tapped. Put mussels into a saucepan with wine and water. Cover and cook over high heat, shaking pan frequently, 6-7 minutes or until shells open. Remove mussels, discarding any which remain closed. Strain liquid through a fine sieve and reserve.

Heat butter and oil in a saucepan. Add onion, garlic, leek and fenugreek and cook gently 5 minutes. Stir in flour and cook 1 minute. Add saffron mixture, 2-1/2 cups of reserved cooking liquid and chicken broth. Bring to a boil, cover and simmer gently for 15 minutes.

Meanwhile, keep 8 mussels in shells and remove remaining mussels from shells. Add all mussels to soup and stir in chopped parsley, salt, pepper and cream. Heat through 2-3 minutes. Garnish with parsley sprigs, if desired, and serve hot.

Creamy Au Gratin Potatoes

  • 4 russet potatoes, sliced into 1/4 inch slices
  • 1 onion, sliced into rings
  • salt and pepper to taste
  • 3 tablespoons butter
  • 3 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 2 cups milk
  • 1 1/2 cups shredded Cheddar cheese

Directions:  Preheat oven to 400 degrees F (200 degrees C). Butter a 1 quart casserole dish. Layer 1/2 of the potatoes into bottom of the prepared casserole dish. Top with the onion slices, and add the remaining potatoes. Season with salt and pepper to taste. In a medium-size saucepan, melt butter over medium heat. Mix in the flour and salt, and stir constantly with a whisk for one minute. Stir in milk. Cook until mixture has thickened. Stir in cheese all at once, and continue stirring until melted, about 30 to 60 seconds. Pour cheese over the potatoes, and cover the dish with aluminum foil. Bake 1 1/2 hours in the preheated oven.

Easy Garlic Escargots

  • 1 (7 ounce) can escargots, drained
  • 6 tablespoons butter
  • 1 clove garlic, minced
  • 20 mushrooms, stems removed
  • 1/3 cup white wine
  • 1/3 cup cream
  • 1 tablespoon all-purpose flour
  • 1 pinch ground black pepper to taste
  • 1/4 teaspoon dried tarragon
  • 1/4 cup grated Parmesan cheese

Directions:     Place escargots in a small bowl, and cover with cold water; set aside for 5 minutes. This will help to remove the canned flavor they may have.

Preheat oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C). Lightly grease an 8×8 inch baking dish.

Drain the water from the escargots and pat dry with a paper towel. Melt butter with the garlic in a large skillet over medium-high heat. Add the escargots and mushroom caps; cook and stir until the mushroom caps begin to soften, about 5 minutes.

Whisk together wine, cream, flour, pepper, and tarragon in a small bowl until the flour is no longer lumpy. Pour this into the skillet, and bring to a boil. Cook, stirring occasionally until the sauce thickens, about 10 minutes.

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Finland
(recipes borrowed from the cooks at: www.foodfromfinland.com and www.food.com)

Finnish Baked Mushrooms

  • 1 lb mushroom, sliced thin
  • 1 tablespoon lemon juice
  • 2 tablespoons onions, finely minced
  • 1/4 cup butter
  • 1 pinch salt and pepper (or to taste)
  • 3 tablespoons flour
  • 2 cups heavy cream
  • 4 egg yolks, lightly beaten
  • 1/4 cup breadcrumbs, fine, dry
  • 1 tablespoon butter

Directions:

1  Mix the breadcrumbs with 1 tbsp butter and toast until golden brown, stirring often to prevent burning.

2  To the sliced mushrooms add the lemon juice, onion, butter, salt, and pepper. Saute until onions tender.

3  Heat the cream to just short of the boiling point.

4  Stir the flour into the mushrooms, stirring rapidly to prevent lumping.

5  Stir in a bit of the cream.

6  Stir in each egg yolk separately.

7  Stir in the remaining cream.

8  Cook, covered, until the sauce is just short of boiling.

9  Sprinkle with the toasted bread crumbs and let sit 5 minutes before serving.

10  Note: The thicker the cream the better the dish tastes. Half and half is better than milk and whipping cream is best of all.

Cream of Carrot Soup (Porkkanasosekeitto)

  • 1 lb carrot
  • 1 cup beef broth
  • 2 tablespoons brandy
  • 2 tablespoons butter
  • 2 tablespoons flour
  • 4 cups milk
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 1 dash pepper
  • 2 tablespoons fresh parsley, chopped
  • 2 teaspoons ground nutmeg
  • rolls to serve

Directions:

1  Peel carrots. Cook carrots in beef broth and brandy until tender, adding additional brandy if necessary. Drain, reserving the stock, and strain or mash the carrots to make a smooth puree.

2  Heat the butter in a saucepan, add the flour, and stir until blended.

3  Add the milk gradually, stirring constantly.

4  Heat to the boiling point and simmer for 10 minutes.

5  Add reserved stock, carrot puree, sugar, and pepper.

6  Garnish each serving with parsley and a dash of nutmeg.

Caramelised Swedes

  • 1 swede (rutabaga), app. 500 g when peeled
  • 4 shallots or 2 small onions
  • App. 25 g butter
  • 2 tbsp sugar
  • 1-2 tbsp rosemary
  • 1 tbsp apple vinegar
  • 50-100 ml gingerbread crumbs
  • Salt
  • Black pepper
  • (Blue cheese)

Peel the swede (rutabaga) and cut it into cubes of about 2 x 2 cm’s (0.8 x 0.8 inches). Slice the onions. Pre-cook the swede wedges. Drain well. Fry the swedes on low heat in butter. Add the onion wedges and sugar. Cook, stirring, until the sugar dissolves and gets a bit golden. Add the chopped rosemary and vinegar. Reduce the heat, place a lid over it and let it simmer until tender.

Season with gingerbread crumbs, salt and pepper. Sprinkle over it with blue cheese crumbs.

Herb-Seasoned Fish Fillets with Potatoes and Mushrooms

  • 4 skinless fillets of pike perch, whitefish or perch (app. 600 g)
  • Salt, pepper
  • 150 ml fresh herbs, chopped (basil, chervil/parsley, thyme)
  • 800 g peeled potatoes
  • 2 tbsp ripe-seed oil
  • 2 Garlic cloves
  • 100–200 g shiitake mushroom
  • 1 tbsp butter or margarine
  • 50 ml lemon juice

Cut a diagonal slit on the deepest parts of the fish fillets, up to half way of the fillet. Sprinkle lightly with salt and pepper and spread the chopped herbs, pressing into the slits as well.

Slice the potatoes as half-centimeter slices and toss a chopped garlic clove in a small amount of oil, into a baking dish. Season lightly with salt. Even the surface.

Cook the potatoes in 225°C (440F) for about 25 minutes. Meanwhile, chop the mushrooms and saute in a pat of butter or margarine in a pan. Season with chopped garlic and lightly with salt and pepper.

Combine the mushrooms with the nearly ready potato slices. Add some lemon juice evenly for freshness. Place the fish fillets onto a bed of potatoes and mushrooms and continue to cook for 10-15 minutes, until the fish is done.

Serve with fresh salad and lemon wedges.

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Fiji
(recipes borrowed from the cooks at: www.angelfire.com and www.fijibure.com)

Ginger Fish

  • 2-3 pounds of snapper, grouper or cod — or any firm white fish
  • 1 lemon
  • 2 T vegetable oil
  • 1/4 cup Soy Sauce
  • 1/4 cup corn oil
  • 3/4 cups white wine
  • 1 clove garlic, crushed
  • 2 tsp grated fresh ginger root
  • 2 tsp sugar
  • parsley, coriander or slivered ginger root for garnish

Rinse & dry fish well. Cut lemon in half and squeeze, rubbing juice into fish, inside & out. Refrigerate for about an hour then rub with vegetable oil and place in a shallow baking dish. In a blender, mix thoroughly soy sauce, corn oil, white wine, garlic, sugar and ginger. Pour over fish. Bake at 350 degrees for about 40 minutes until the fish flakes easily and juices are opaque. Baste frequently with sauce. Garnish & serve. Yields 6 portions.

Fijian Raita

This dish was originally designed to cool down very hot curries, but then adventurous cooks had the idea to spice it up! Go figure. Serve this as a condiment.

  • 2 cups light sour cream or yogurt
  • 1 cucumber, grated
  • 1 carrot, grated
  • 1 clove garlic, minced
  • 1 green chili such as Serrano or jalapeño, seeds and stem removed, minced
  • 1 teaspoon cumin
  • Salt to taste

In a bowl, combine all ingredients and mix well. Allow to sit for an hour to blend the flavors. Yield: 6 servings. Heat Scale: Medium

Chicken Palau (Pulao)

  • 1 whole chicken (cut in curry pieces)
  • oil 4 tablespoons
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 5 cloves of garlic, chopped
  • curry leaves – 6
  • cumin seeds (jeera) 1 teaspoon
  • mustard seeds (sarson) – 1 teaspoon
  • fenugreek seeds (methi) – 1/2 teaspoon
  • cardamom pods – 3
  • Cloves – 3
  • cinnamon stick – 1 small piece
  • Palau masala or garam masala – 2 teaspoons
  • 3 chilies – chopped
  • salt to taste

For rice

  • water – 6 cups
  • rice – 3 cups, washed and drained well
  • ghee or oil 3 tablespoons
  • 1 onion
  • cardamom pods – 3
  • cloves – 3
  • cinnamon stick – 1 small piece
  • 1/4 chopped fresh coriander leaves (dhania)

Method:  Heat up a fairly large pot, add oil, then onion, garlic, curry leaves, cumin, mustard, fenugreek, cardamom, cloves and cinnamon stick. Cook for stir for approximately 5 minutes. You may add a little more oil if it sticks to pan. Add palau masala or garam masala and chili. Stir for a minute then add chicken. Stir for a couple of minutes. Add salt. Let cook for 45 minutes on slow/medium heat. Add 1/4 cup water if it sticks. On another burner heat up ghee [clarified butter]. Add onion, cardamom, cloves and cinnamon. Add rice and fry for approximately 5 minutes. You may add a little oil if it sticks to pan. Add water and let cook for ten minutes. Add cooked chicken. Stir all together and let cook for a further 10 to 15 minutes on low heat without opening lid. Lastly add coriander, stir and switch off burner. Adjust salt. Serve and enjoy.

Squash and Chana Dhal

  •   1 cup channa dhal (yellow split peas)
  • 1 small yellow squash, peeled and sliced
  • 2 teaspoons vegetable oil or clarified butter
  • 2 medium onions, chopped
  • ½ teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 1 teaspoon cumin seed
  • 1½ teaspoons red chili powder
  • 1 teaspoon mustard seed
  • ½ teaspoon crushed garlic
  • ½ teaspoon minced ginger
  • ½ teaspoon salt
  • 1/4 cup lemon or lime juice
Wash the split peas thoroughly and place in a pan with four cups of lightly salted water. Boil, uncovered, until the peas are soft, about 20 minutes. Add the squash and simmer for about 10 minutes, or until the squash is soft. While the squash is simmering, heat the oil in a saucepan and sauté the onions for three minutes. Add the remaining ingredients, except the lime juice, and stir well. Continue to sauté for 5 minutes.

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